Placed in the peninsula of Cape Verde, Dakar it is today the capital of Senegal. This former port goes fishing of the etnias Lebou and Wolof calls first the attention of the visitor by your cultural cosmopolitanism. Founded in 1857 by the French colonists, Dakar was raised the capital of the Western French Africa (AOF) in 1902 to the detriment of Saint-Louis of Senegal. Since then your economic growth due to your strategic position, door of entry in Western Africa, turns him into the space most travelled of the world.
To travel to Dakar not only is to visit, as they say others, a boisterous and slow city of more than 5 million souls, but corners full of surprises exist to the margin of the big symbols of the country (The Place of l'indépendance, I they went Kermel and Sandaga and Tilene, him Palais présidenciel, the Cathédrale du Souvenir africain, the Big Mosquée, yourd Musée de l'Ifan, him monument of the Renaissance africaine). To visit Dakar, it is to be able to catch this peculiar feature of a great African city that baths between rustic and modern environment simultaneously without losing your identity. For example, a walk to the late afternoon to Soumbédjoune's beach and to contemplate the arrival of the fishermen photographer or observer will turn out to be undoubtedly gratifying before the eyes of anyone. Also, which encourage can approach the popular beaches of Yoff Layenne or Guediawaye places where they congregate the isolated youth that they stick hours and hours in the sand of the beach to be able to choose some day a hollow in the championships of fight senegalesa
The island Gorée
This island praises to only two kilometres of Dakar has the unique and relaxing captivation with your picturesque houses, your stalls, nevertheless, this hiding place with your " House of the Slaves " us never remembers the major shame of the few humanity. Here, for 3 centuries (XV-XVIII) more than 20 million Africans travelled under kidnapping for the Americas. His role in the slaves' trade has turned today Gorée into one of the tourist destinations more visited of the world. If Gorée is represented as a symbolic place in the history of the humanity, it is because it continues being today one local where still they can find vestiges of this tragic epoch. With your 28 hectares, Gorée was the most coveted island of the Atlantic Ocean betwee the European powers. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1444 and in 1588 it was conquered by the Dutches who baptized Goede reede, that is to say " good bay ", until finally the Frenchmen came 1677 and they it put Gorée's name that today we know.
Located to 40 km to the North-East of Dakar, pink lake called Lake Retba still is one of the principal tourist attractions of Senegal.
The place separated by dunes of the sea, is principally chosen by your calm one, the beauty and the curiosity on the surroundings to which camps and stalls near the place do that it is furthermore easy to visit.
Pink lake represented there some time the last stage of the París / Dakar, which already is not the case immediately after a decision of the organizers. Your particularity resides in the fact that the change of color that offers during the whole day depending on the light. It is to say that with the effect of the solar beams the water returns of pink color with the combination of the salt and of a few microscopic organism, the cianobacterias.
To part of this tourist interest, the Pink Lake uses today as source of income the villagers man and women who devote themselves to the hard labors of the extraction of the salt with a total production of 50 000 tons a year.
With a moderate climate all the year round, the Pink Lake is close to Gorée and Ngor's island, the places preferred for days of relaxation for the inhabitants of Dakar.
Saly is to 80 km from Dakar and 5 km from Mbour's city in a zone called the small coast. This spa station of some 600hectáreas was created in 1975 and raised as flag of the tourist policy of the government senegalés. The complex possesses 13 hotels from 2 to 5 stars and 22 residences for a total of 8.000 beds. The clientele is principally European and in your majority of French nationality. Saly is elected especially Saly by your attractive fort as the beach tourism: sea, beaches of white and thin sand, the Sun all the year round, a moderate climate, few pluviometría, light winds. In addition, it has a geographical privileged situation that allows an easy access to Dakar (airport) and soon to Diass's new airport to less than 20 kilometres, Saly appears as an alternative to boisterous Dakar to combine rest and elopements towards Saint-Louis, Pink Lake, Sine Saloum and other zones of the interior of the country.
Not very far they are the natural reservation of Bandia's animals to 10 kilometres and the village of Toubab-Dialao, very known by your schools of dances and percussion.
Saint-Louis known as Ndar in the language Wolof, places in the river mouth of the river Senegal to approximately 270 km of cardinal Dakar and near the border with Mauritania. Founded officially in 1659 in the island of 2 km from length and 300 m of width for sailors of Normandy and that baptized in honor Luis XIV, Saint-Louis was the most important city of Western given Africa your great role in the trade of the gold, the Arabic rubber, the ivory and the slaves. Today this so called city at the time the " African Venice ", it is considered to be a world heritage of the humanity by the UNESCO from 2000. Because of it, so much the public sector since private they have been thrown in an ambitious program of restoration of the city. Because though crushed the carelessness due to the abandon precipitated by your former French hosts during the decolonization, Saint-Louis continues showing elegantly beauties and customs of long ago. It preserves many houses of two floors of the colonial epoch with your fronts of limestone, with double cover of blue rollers, your balconies of wood and rails of wrought iron. Also, already they started transforming ancient buildings, stores and houses into hotels, pensions, restaurants, bars and shops of souvenirs.
If Saint-Louis was a beautiful and elegant city, great part of it was coming from the ostentatious and conceited life of these big mulatto ladies (as Josefina de Beauharnais, those famous woman of the Antilles who made lose the head to Napoleon) that were calling You Will Seal, transformation of the Portuguese Siñora, which they were dominating the city for your extraodinary and exotic beauty. Today for example, the Lighthouse continues being celebrated, parade to the sound of so so with torches of the 17th century that he reminded how You Will Seal them taken for your slaves they were walking in the Christmas nights of the city, way of showing your wealths that great part of they they were obsequiousnesses of your numerous lovers. In addition, we take the Takkusaan Ndar that gallant consists of putting from the evening and of giving a walk between pair or friends since as they it were doing You will Seal them.
To the margin of these cultural particularities, Saint-Louis shelters in the middle of May of every year the International Festival of Jazz from 1993 and that assembles more 50000 visitors with artists who come from all the corners of the world. Nowadays, with the festival, the city returns to be born across the reconstruction of many colonial buildings, the promotion of the tourist activities with the opening of receptive, restaurants, galleries of art and crafts.
Here, you the ideal site waits for flanear at the edge of the river For Senegal, essentially in the conquest of Black Africa.
Pero Saint-Louis not only is the island, but also the boisterous exclusive neighborhood of the fishermen of Guet Ndar in the band of land that separates the river of the sea to which we accede for a rustic bridge.
Here, the dream of every child is to be the best fisherman of the neighborhood, nothing more not less. A walk along this one you will reveal a shoking contrast of two ways of life between two adjacent neighborhoods separated only by the arm west of the river Senegal: on the one hand, Saint-Louis's island with certain European touch and for other one, Nguet Ndar who continues guarding your roots of long ago.
In another side of the continent, it is neighborhood expands Sister's joined Saint-Louis for the famous metallic bridge Faidherbe, constructed in 1897 by Eiffel. It is the most popular of Saint-Louis's region like it is your market constellation of the essence of the production in this region of the North.
Placed in the southwest of Senegal, the Peoples Bassari have reputation of being calm and very respectful. They have showed always a zeal in the work. The Bassaris (1 %) known in Senegal for having preserved your traditions, they live in the most remote villages of the country. I conceal in the mountains, often it is possible to come afoot. Your language is known only by them themselves.The hierarchy is the same at the beginning of century, when the first invasions fulani have grown in the Fouta Djallon's highest summits. Distinguished hunters, also are farmers and qualified bee-keepers. Because of it, today the cultural expressions ofy our inhabitants present original characteristics in your agro-pastoral, social, ceremonial and spiritual practices do of them the unique and original village inside the limitations imposed by the environment and as response to the human pressure. To those who want to exploit your adventurous side in Africa, this it is the place to begin.
Youngsters Bassari during a holiday of the fertility
In addition, the Country Bassari offers us a variety of cultural acts based on in a life in symbiosis with the natural environment. The most important is undoubtedly the initiation the step of a class of age to other one that, in the Bassari it is 6 years. During this phase, the child is sent to a big cabin "An'bofor" located out of the village. It is in this house of the community that the child learns to live in a group.The major ones will show them the worship of the solidarity, the collective work, the secrets of the hunt (how to put a trap, to observe the birds, etc.). As for the girls, also they are sent in another cabin removed not to share space with the boys. Later the children leave the cabins when there come to the age of initiation to the initiation ceremonies that mark the transition of the childhood to the adult age called "Nitj" or " OR KORE ". From there the young persons they can marry and take responsibilities inside the society.
Another attraction of this magnificent zone, it is the biggest nature reserve of the Niokolo Koba (913 000 hectares) and in addition declared reservation of the biosphere for the UNESCO. The Niokolo Koba possesses more than 1.500 species of plants, hundreds of animals, including the lion, the elephant, the panther, the antelope Koba, emblem of the park, and another species of antelope as the elan of Local derby, buffaloes, hippopotami, baboons, chimpanzees and thousands of species of birds.
Casamance is voluptuous and continues being one of the major attractions for the visit. Tourist destination in less than 5 flight schedule of the region of Paris or Madrid.
Your moderate climate, the ocean, and the beaches propitiate a tourism of beach and aquatic sports.
On the other hand, the beauty of your landscapes and your swamp, the exuberance of your vegetation and the rich fauna are other resources that favor an active and alternative tourism as the initiation it goes fishing with "palangrote" or goes fishing with cane and traditional barge, the hiking for the jungle and other excursions.
The wealth of the traditions diola, preserved and certifications, the original architecture of the habitat with houses to impluvium (great historical heritage) they are other added values of the rural tourism.
In short we are before one of the most varied and complete destinations of the Western Africa.
Geographically, the Casamance is the southern zone of Senegal below the country nail Gambia. It is crossed of this west by the river that gave your name, length of some 300km and navigably all the year round.
Nowadays it possesses two regions from 1984, Kolda in East and Ziguinchor in the West, but the latter monopolizes the whole tourist attraction with a lot of variety of offer.
For the lovers of the tourism the Sun and beach, Ziguinchor's region possesses the best beaches of Western Africa named the African Carib and placed in the village of Cap Skirring and progressively in Kafountine and Abene in Ziguinchor's north.Sand dies and transparent waters in a paradisiac landscape between palms.
And since he is not sufficient Cap Skirring, Carabane's island, close to the river mouth of the river Casamance it never offers us a tranquility and a late afternoon enjoyed.
To get dark in Carabane's island
Of great historical and cultural wealth, the natural region Sine Saloum, to the south of the Small Coast corresponds today to the administrative regions of Kaolack and Fatick. Sine Saloum takes your name of the river Saloum and your principal tributary, the Sine.
Put between forests, swamps and lagoons, the Sine Saloum offers an endless number of pleasures to the visitor as the captivation of your wonderful islands lived by fishermen Serer and Niominka.
The fishing villages of the coast and those that serpetean the river Sine Saloum is turning increasingly into a few tourist attractions of great interest for your rustic character.The fishing there, it continues being done in a traditional way.
For example in Sangomar's top between river and sea, from the villages of Palmarin and Djiffer, they are accessible in barge, the islands of Niodior and Dionewar.
To the north of the delta, Ndangane's small city, close to an arm of the river Saloum, provides to us access to Mar Lodj's island where they offer camps to the visitors with style of the local architecture.
In the extreme northwest they find Joal and Fadiouth's island or the island of the shells, for being raised in the middle of mounds of shells of shells, especially ostas and cockles. A bit below we take Foundiougne, a calm accessible village as a ferry (to see hourly schedule of exit).
More in the southern part, and towards 20 kilometres of the border with Gambia, the villages of Toubacouta, Missirah and Sipo's island in the heart of the National Park of the Delta of the Saloum, they offer us a marvel of dazzling landscapes between baobab, ceibas and swamps. Suitable zone for hiking and excursions in piragua, even for an elopement to Gambia, the country of the seasoned ones mandinga and diola.
Finally, the Delta of the Sine Saloum (today park National Park) is one of the most beautiful places of Senegal. With a surface of about 180.000 hectares, it is constituted of swamps, lagoons, forests and banks of sand where Africans restrict a great variety of fauna as hyenas, baboons, jabalíes and especially, diveras species of birds (pelicans, Flemings, herons, fish eagles, etc.).